Environment refers to all the living and non-living elements that we interact with. It includes animals, plants, forests, fisheries, birds, and soil. These elements provide us with genetic diversity and provide us with the resources we need to live. The environment also helps us eliminate wastes generated by production activities. Consequently, the environment is an important part of our life and should be taken care of.

Environmental science

Environmental science is an academic field that combines the disciplines of biology, physics, and geography to study the problems of our planet. It evolved from the fields of natural history and medicine.

Environmental ethics

Environmental ethics is an important branch of environmental philosophy that focuses on ethical relationships between humans and nonhuman nature. It is a multidisciplinary discipline that examines how humans should behave toward the environment and other species. Its primary goal is to create moral grounds for the preservation of the earth’s environment. Environmental ethics seeks to provide these moral grounds by identifying and valuing the intrinsic values of nonhuman creatures.


Ecology is the study of ecosystems and how they function. Different factors can affect ecosystems, including diseases, temperature changes, and human activities. Ecologists also study the relationships between different ecosystem components.

Macro environment

A business’s macro environment is the set of factors that affect how well it is doing. These factors are often unpredictable and can impact a company’s operations, management, production, and marketing. Analysts commonly classify macro environment factors using acronyms, such as PESTEL for political, economic, social, and technological concerns. For example, the political macro environment can include government policies and taxes, as well as regulations and laws related to the production and distribution of goods and services.

Biotic environment

A biotic environment is one that is characterized by a variety of organisms. It can include a number of different ecosystems, including terrestrial, marine and freshwater ecosystems. Biological processes are regulated by a range of variables, including climate, land use and land cover. An ecosystem has many different types of living things, and each type has its own specific features and processes.

Biological impact on the environment

Human activity is having a significant impact on the earth’s ecosystems and biological life. Because of the industrialization of society, we are dumping huge amounts of pollutants into our environment. This is not only destroying the environment, but also affecting the health of human populations. It is critical to understand how our actions impact the environment so that we can protect and enhance it for future generations.

Social impact on the environment

A social impact is a significant issue affecting the livelihoods of people and the services provided by the natural environment. A social impact assessment can be done in a number of ways. In many cases, it involves identifying and reporting a variety of social and environmental impacts. In addition, it may involve analyzing the production, consumption, and organisation of work. Lastly, it can support efforts to reduce poverty and inequality.